Reference : Misleading Higher-Order Evidence, Conflicting Ideals, and Defeasible Logic
Scientific journals : Article
Arts & humanities : Philosophy & ethics
Misleading Higher-Order Evidence, Conflicting Ideals, and Defeasible Logic
Knoks, Aleks mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Computer Science (DCS) >]
Ergo, An Open Access Journal of Philosophy
Michigan Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Epistemic normativity ; Higher-order evidence ; Rationality ideals ; Defeasible logic ; Epistemic dilemmas
[en] Thinking about misleading higher-order evidence naturally leads to a puzzle about epistemic rationality: If one's total evidence can be radically misleading regarding itself, then two widely-accepted requirements of rationality come into conflict, suggesting that there are rational dilemmas. This paper focuses on an often misunderstood and underexplored response to this (and similar) puzzles, the so-called conflicting-ideals view. Drawing on work from defeasible logic, I propose understanding this view as a move away from the default meta-epistemological position according to which rationality requirements are strict and governed by a strong, but never explicitly stated logic, toward the more unconventional view, according to which requirements are defeasible and governed by a comparatively weak logic. When understood this way, the response is not committed to dilemmas.

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