Article (Scientific journals)
The Socioeconomic gradient in child health and noncognitive skills: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Borga, Liyousew; Munich, Daniel; Kukla, Lubomir
2021In Economics and Human Biology
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Keywords :
Socioeconomic status; Child Health; Noncognitive skills; Education; Income gradient
Abstract :
[en] We investigate the presence of a socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in children's health and noncognitive skill development, and its evolution with child age using cohort data from the Czech Republic. We show that family SES are positively associated with better child health. These effects start to emerge at age 3 and are persistent for all subsequent ages. We find a modest strengthening of the gradient as the children grow older. Similarly, at the lowest distribution of average family income, children lag in their noncognitive skills. We find evidence that children enter school with substantial differences in noncognitive skill endowments based on family SES. This correlation persists when controlling for poor health at birth, the roles of specific and chronic health problems, housing conditions, and partner characteristics. Maternal health status explains some of the association between family income and child noncognitive skills. We account for the endogeniety of SES and non-linearities in measures.
Disciplines :
Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation...)
Author, co-author :
Borga, Liyousew  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Munich, Daniel;  CERGE-EI
Kukla, Lubomir;  Masaryk University > RECETOX
External co-authors :
Language :
Title :
The Socioeconomic gradient in child health and noncognitive skills: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Publication date :
27 October 2021
Journal title :
Economics and Human Biology
Publisher :
University of Luxembourg, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 30 October 2021


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