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Long-term effects of retention in grade 8 in Luxembourg
Klapproth, Florian; Keller, Ulrich; Fischbach, Antoine
2021EARLI 2021


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Keywords :
grade retention; school performance
Abstract :
[en] Meta-analyses have suggested that grade retention rarely has positive effects and more often negative effects on students’ performance and psycho-emotional well-being. The occurrence of negative effects may be due to the absence of new learning experiences. However, in the short term, positive effects of grade retention are quite likely to occur. In Luxembourg, more than half of the students repeat at least one grade within their entire school career. Since grade retention is applied quite frequently, the aim of the current study was to examine long-term effects of grade retention. A representative sample of 2,835 Luxembourgish 8th grade students was used for this study, and propensity score matching was applied to select a control group of promoted students who were similar to the retained students on a variety of characteristics. Furthermore, a type of comparison was used by which the outcome variables of the retained and promoted students were compared at different times while the grade- and age-cohort were held equal between groups. With respect to school marks as an indicator of students’ academic achievement, this study showed that grade 8 retention lowered repeaters’ school marks, on average, in grades 10 to 13, as compared to matched non-repeaters.
Disciplines :
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
Klapproth, Florian;  Medical School Berlin > Fakultät Naturwissenschaften
Keller, Ulrich ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > LUCET
Fischbach, Antoine  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Education and Social Work (DESW)
External co-authors :
Language :
Title :
Long-term effects of retention in grade 8 in Luxembourg
Publication date :
26 August 2021
Event name :
EARLI 2021
Event organizer :
European Association for Research on Learning and Instruction
Event place :
Gothenburg, Sweden
Event date :
23-08-2021 to 27-08-2021
Audience :
Focus Area :
Educational Sciences
Available on ORBilu :
since 18 October 2021


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