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On Frame Fingerprinting and Controller Area Networks Security in Connected Vehicles
BUSCEMI, Alessio; Turcanu, Ion; Castignani, German et al.
2022In IEEE Consumer Communications & Networking Conference, Virtual Conference 8-11 January 2022
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Connected Vehicles Security; CAN Bus Reverse Engineering; Machine Learning; Frame Identification
Abstract :
[en] Modern connected vehicles are equipped with a large number of sensors, which enable a wide range of services that can improve overall traffic safety and efficiency. However, remote access to connected vehicles also introduces new security issues affecting both inter and intra-vehicle communications. In fact, existing intra-vehicle communication systems, such as Controller Area Network (CAN), lack security features, such as encryption and secure authentication for Electronic Control Units (ECUs). Instead, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) seek security through obscurity by keeping secret the proprietary format with which they encode the information. Recently, it has been shown that the reuse of CAN frame IDs can be exploited to perform CAN bus reverse engineering without physical access to the vehicle, thus raising further security concerns in a connected environment. This work investigates whether anonymizing the frames of each newly released vehicle is sufficient to prevent CAN bus reverse engineering based on frame ID matching. The results show that, by adopting Machine Learning techniques, anonymized CAN frames can still be fingerprinted and identified in an unknown vehicle with an accuracy of up to 80 %.
Disciplines :
Computer science
Author, co-author :
BUSCEMI, Alessio ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Computer Science (DCS)
Turcanu, Ion;  Luxembourg Institute of Science & Technology - LIST > ITIS
Castignani, German;  University of Luxembourg > FSTM
ENGEL, Thomas ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Medicine (FSTM) > Department of Computer Science (DCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
On Frame Fingerprinting and Controller Area Networks Security in Connected Vehicles
Publication date :
January 2022
Event name :
2022 IEEE Consumer Communications & Networking Conference
Event date :
from 08-01-2022 to 11-01-2022
Main work title :
IEEE Consumer Communications & Networking Conference, Virtual Conference 8-11 January 2022
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
FnR Project :
FNR10621687 - Security And Privacy For System Protection, 2015 (01/01/2017-30/06/2023) - Sjouke Mauw
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