Reference : Loss of function variants in the KCNQ5 gene are associated with genetic generalized e...
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Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Systems Biomedicine
Loss of function variants in the KCNQ5 gene are associated with genetic generalized epilepsies
Krueger, Johanna [> >]
Schubert, Julian [> >]
Kegele, Josua [> >]
Labalme, Audrey [> >]
Mao, Miaomiao [> >]
Heighway, Jaqueline [> >]
Seebohm, Guiscard [> >]
Yan, Pu [> >]
Koko, Mahmoud [> >]
Aslan, Kezban [> >]
Caglayan, Hande [> >]
Steinhoff, Bernhard J. [> >]
Weber, Yvonne G. [> >]
Keo-Kosal, Pascale [> >]
Berkovic, Samuel F. [> >]
Hildebrand, Michael S. [> >]
Petrou, Steven [> >]
Krause, Roland mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > Bioinformatics Core]
May, Patrick mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > Bioinformatics Core]
Lesca, Gaetan [> >]
Maljevic, Snezana [> >]
Lerche, Holger [> >]
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
[en] KCNQ5 ; epilepsy ; GGE
[en] Objective: De novo missense variants in KCNQ5, encoding the voltage gated K+ channel KV7.5, have been described as a cause of developmental and epileptic encephalopathy (DEE) or intellectual disability (ID). We set out to identify disease-related KCNQ5 variants in genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE) and their underlying mechanisms. Methods: 1292 families with GGE were studied by next-generation sequencing. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, biotinylation and phospholipid overlay assays were performed in mammalian cells combined with docking and homology modeling. Results: We identified three deleterious heterozygous missense variants, one truncation and one splice site alteration in five independent families with GGE with predominant absence seizures, two variants were also associated with mild to moderate ID. All three missense variants displayed a strongly decreased current density indicating a loss-of-function (LOF). When mutant channels were co-expressed with wild-type (WT) KV7.5 or KV7.5 and KV7.3 channels, three variants also revealed a significant dominant-negative effect on WT channels. Other gating parameters were unchanged. Biotinylation assays indicated a normal surface expression of the variants. The p.Arg359Cys variant altered PI(4,5)P2-interaction, presumably in the non-conducting preopen-closed state. Interpretation: Our study indicates that specific deleterious KCNQ5 variants are associated with GGE, partially combined with mild to moderate ID. The disease mechanism is a LOF partially with dominant-negative effects through functional, rather than trafficking deficits. LOF of KV7.5 channels will reduce the M-current, likely resulting in increased excitability of KV7.5-expressing neurons. Further studies on a network level are necessary to understand which circuits are affected and how the variants induce generalized seizures.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Bioinformatics Core (R. Schneider Group)
FnR ; FNR11583046 > Roland Krause > MechEPI > Epileptogenesis Of Genetic Epilepsies > 01/04/2018 > 31/03/2021 > 2017

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