Article (Scientific journals)
Boys don't cry (or do the dishes): Family size and the housework gender gap
MENTA, Giorgia; LEPINTEUR, Anthony
2021In Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 186, p. 164-188
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Keywords :
Housework gender gap; Family size; Instrumental variables
Abstract :
[en] We here use data from the British Cohort Study (BCS) to link family size to age-16 children’s contribution to household chores and the adult housework gender gap. Assuming that home production is an increasing function of family size and using an instrument to account for the endogeneity of fertility, we show that larger families have a different effect on boys and girls at age 16: girls in large families are significantly more likely to contribute to housework, with no effect for boys. We then show that childhood family size affects the housework gender gap between the cohort members and their partners at age 34. Women who grew up in larger families are more likely to carry out a greater share of household tasks in adulthood, as compared to women from smaller families. In addition, growing up in a large family makes cohort members more likely to sort into households with a wider housework gender gap as adults. We show that the persistent effect of family size is due to the adoption of behaviours in line with traditional gender roles: a lower likelihood of employment and shorter commutes for women, along with a higher employment probability for their partners.
Disciplines :
Microeconomics
Author, co-author :
MENTA, Giorgia ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
LEPINTEUR, Anthony ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Boys don't cry (or do the dishes): Family size and the housework gender gap
Publication date :
June 2021
Journal title :
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
ISSN :
0167-2681
eISSN :
1879-1751
Publisher :
Elsevier, Netherlands
Volume :
186
Pages :
164-188
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
FnR Project :
FNR10949242 - Migration, Inequalities And Labour Markets, 2015 (01/08/2016-31/01/2023) - Michel Beine
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since 19 April 2021

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