Reference : Transcranial electric stimulation optimizes the balance of visual attention across space.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Transcranial electric stimulation optimizes the balance of visual attention across space.
Andres, Michael [> >]
Masson, Nicolas mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)]
Larigaldie, Nathanael [> >]
Bonato, Mario [> >]
Vandermeeren, Yves [> >]
Dormal, Valérie [> >]
Clinical Neurophysiology
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Adult ; Attention/physiology ; Female ; Functional Laterality/physiology ; Humans ; Male ; Perceptual Disorders/etiology/physiopathology/rehabilitation ; Space Perception/physiology ; Stroke/complications/physiopathology ; Stroke Rehabilitation/methods ; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation ; Visual Perception/physiology ; Young Adult ; Attention ; Awareness ; Hemineglect ; Parietal ; Stroke ; tDCS
[en] OBJECTIVE: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) provides a way to modulate spatial attention by enhancing the ratio of neural activity between the left and right hemispheres, with a potential benefit for the rehabilitation of visual neglect. METHODS: We tested the effect of bilateral tDCS in healthy individuals performing a visual detection task. This protocol consists in the positioning of the anode and cathode on mirror positions over the left and right parietal areas. The stimulation was repeated over three days to maximize the chance to observe a bias to the hemispace controlateral to the anode. RESULTS: Compared to a sham treatment, left anodal - right cathodal stimulation enhanced attention across the full range of space, since the first day with no build-up effect on the next days, and modified the balance of left-right omissions when stimuli appeared at the same time. CONCLUSION: Bilateral tDCS improved detection in both visual fields, with no privileged processing of one side, except when concurrent stimuli were presented. The results provide partial support to the hemispheric rivalry hypothesis. SIGNIFICANCE: The technique has the potential to boost attention in neglect patients but should be used as an adjuvant rather than as an alternative to functional rehabilitation.
Copyright © 2020 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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