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Sporty summer and lazy winter? PA of youth from a seasonal perspective.
Eckelt, Melanie; Hutmacher, Djenna; Steffgen, Georges et al.
2020In Dela, Flemming; Müller, Erich; Tsolakidis, Elias (Eds.) Book of Abstracts
Peer reviewed
 

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Keywords :
Physical activity; Youth; Season
Abstract :
[en] Objectives: Many children in Europe are insufficiently active (1), which makes the promotion of children´s physical activity (PA) a critical health promotion target. However, there are some uncontrollable factors such as amount of daylight, weather conditions, temperatures and precipitation levels that might influence PA behavior (2). Conditions for moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) seem to be optimal when the environmental temperature ranges between 20°C and 25°C (3). This study aims to examine if the season is related to the objectively measured PA of youth of Luxembourg. Methods: 150 youth (90 females and 60 males) aged from 10–17 (M = 12.37, SD = 2.14) years participated in this longitudinal study, which took place at two measurement periods, the first between October and December (winter) and the second between May and July (summer). PA behavior was objectively assessed by wearing an accelerometer (ActiGraph GT3X-BT) for seven consecutive days. Daily time spent in MVPA was calculated as an indicator of the youth’s PA behavior. Results: A repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant seasonal effect for MVPA per day (F(1, 1136.66) = 9.14, p < .05, partial η² = .06). More minutes of MVPA per day were accrued in summer (M = 53.24, SD = 21.40) than in winter (M = 49.04, SD = 20.88). Both in winter and in summer, MVPA per day differed significantly between females and males (winter: t(148) = 5.83, p < .001; summer: t(148) = 4.85, p < .001), whereby females (winter: M = 41.70, SD = 15.89; summer: M = 46.79, SD = 17.26) showed significantly fewer minutes in MVPA per day than males (winter: M = 60.05, SD = 22.67; summer: M = 62.91, SD = 23.43). However, there was no significant interaction between season and gender, F(1, 89.85) = .723, p = .397). Discussion: According to the results of this study, youth are less physically active in winter than in summer. Therefore, schools, sports clubs and communities should offer special PA programs for this season, which are independent from climatic conditions and equally suitable for females and males. Measuring PA throughout the year enables to monitor the activity behavior more accurate and may help in developing such programs.
Disciplines :
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
Eckelt, Melanie ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Education and Social Work (DESW)
Hutmacher, Djenna ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Steffgen, Georges ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Bund, Andreas ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Education and Social Work (DESW)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Sporty summer and lazy winter? PA of youth from a seasonal perspective.
Publication date :
October 2020
Event name :
25th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science
Event date :
from 28-10-2020 to 30-10-2020
Audience :
International
Main work title :
Book of Abstracts
Editor :
Dela, Flemming
Müller, Erich 
Tsolakidis, Elias
Publisher :
SporTools
ISBN/EAN :
978-3-9818414-3-5
Peer reviewed :
Peer reviewed
Name of the research project :
R-AGR-3216-00 PALUX
Funders :
University of Luxembourg - UL
Available on ORBilu :
since 16 December 2020

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