Reference : Examining gender differentials in the association of low control work with cognitive ...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Human health sciences : Public health, health care sciences & services
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/44272
Examining gender differentials in the association of low control work with cognitive performance in older workers
English
Ford, Katherine Joy mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Batty, G. David []
Leist, Anja mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
2020
European Journal of Public Health
Oxford University Press
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
1101-1262
1464-360X
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] gender ; memory ; verbal fluency ; job strain ; psychosocial work conditions ; SHARE
[en] Background: Limited workplace control, an important dimension of job strain, can reduce occupational opportunities for problem solving and learning. Women may have fewer professional resources to mitigate effects of low control, while conversely, gender-role norms may moderate the influence of occupational psychosocial risk factors. We therefore examined if the links between control and cognitive function were similarly gendered.
Methods: This observational, longitudinal study included respondents of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe who were aged 50-64 years at entry, employed, and provided at least two measurements of control and cognition (n=6,697). Relationships between control and cognition, quantified with standardised scores from verbal fluency, immediate and delayed word recall tests, were explored using linear fixed-effect and random-effect models with gender interactions.
Results: Consistent trends of improved verbal fluency performance with high control were evident across analyses, equal to producing around three-quarters of a word more under high control conditions, with an effect size roughly equal to 0.1 standard deviation units (fully adjusted models, range 0.077-0.104 SD), although associations with recall tests were inconsistent. We did not find evidence of clear gender differences in control–cognition relationships for any of the cognitive domains.
Conclusions: The cognitive health of older European workers may benefit from improved workplace control irrespective of gender. Possible sources of bias that could explain the lack of gender differences are discussed, particularly gender differences in labour force participation, response behaviour in job control ratings, and implications of gender-role norms on the importance of occupational risk factors.
Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > PEARL Institute for Research on Socio-Economic Inequality (IRSEI)
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR ; European Commission - EC
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/44272
10.1093/eurpub/ckaa173
H2020 ; 803239 - CRISP - Cognitive Aging: From Educational Opportunities to Individual Risk Profiles
FnR ; FNR10949242 > Michel Beine > MINLAB > Migration, Inequalities and Labour Markets > 01/08/2016 > 31/01/2023 > 2016

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

FileCommentaryVersionSizeAccess
Open access
Ford_Batty_Leist_2020EJPH.pdfPublisher postprint412.98 kBView/Open

Additional material(s):

File Commentary Size Access
Open access
Supplementary table 1 ckaa173.pdf85.72 kBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.