Reference : A three-level classification of French tweets in ecological crises
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Computer science
Computational Sciences
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/43522
A three-level classification of French tweets in ecological crises
English
Kozlowski, Diego mailto [INSTITUT DE RECHERCHE EN INFORMATIQUE DE TOULOUSE > MELODI]
Lannelongue, Elisa [Institut Jean Nicod]
Saudemont, Frédéric [IRIT]
Benamara, Farah [IRIT]
Mari, Alda [Institut Jean Nicod]
Moriceau, Véronique [IRIT]
Boumadane, Abdelmoumene [IRIT]
Sep-2020
Information Processing and Management
Elsevier
57
5
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
0306-4573
United Kingdom
[en] Crisis response from social media ; Machine learning ; Natural language processing
[en] The possibilities that emerge from micro-blogging generated content for crisis-related situations
make automatic crisis management using natural language processing techniques a
hot research topic.
Our aim here is to contribute to this line of research focusing for the
first time on French tweets related to ecological crises
in order to support
the
French Civil Security and Crisis Management Department to provide immediate feedback on the expectations of the populations
involved in the crisis. We propose a new dataset
manually
annotated according to three dimensions: relatedness, urgency and intentions to act.
We then experiment with binary classification (useful vs. non useful), three-class (non useful vs. urgent vs. non urgent) and multiclass classification (i.e., intention to act categories) relying on traditional feature-based machine learning using both state of the art and new features.
We also explore several deep learning models
trained with pre-trained word embeddings as well as contextual embeddings.
We then investigate three transfer learning strategies to adapt these models to the crisis domain. We finally experiment with multi-input architectures by incorporating different metadata extra-features to the network. Our deep models, evaluated in random sampling, out-of-event and out-of-type configurations, show very good performances outperforming several competitive baselines. Our results define the first contribution to the field of crisis management in French social media.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/43522
10.1016/j.ipm.2020.102284
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipm.2020.102284
https://sites.google.com/view/diego-kozlowski/research
The original publication is available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306457320300650

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