Reference : Systematic derivation of Generalized Langevin Equations for coarse-graining and bridg...
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Systematic derivation of Generalized Langevin Equations for coarse-graining and bridge-scaling procedures
Meyer, Hugues mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
[1] H. Meyer, T. Voigtmann and T. Schilling. On the non-stationary generalized Langevin
equation., J. Chem. Phys. 147(21), 214110 (2017)
[2] H. Meyer, T. Voigtmann and T. Schilling. On the dynamics of reaction coordinates
in classical, time-dependent, many-body processes., J. Chem. Phys. 150(17), 174118
[3] H. Meyer, P. Pelagejcev, T. Schilling. Non-Markovian out-of-equilibrium dynamics:
A general numerical procedure to construct time-dependent memory kernels for coarse-
grained observables., Europhysics Letters 128(4) 40001 (2020)
WCCM ECCOMAS Congress 2020
from 19-07-2020 to 24-07-2020
[en] stochastic ; coarse-graining
[en] In many branches of physics, one must often deal with processes involving a huge
number of degrees of freedom. Instead of describing the dynamics of each individual of
them, one rather wants to characterize the process of interest via a small set of observ-
ables that capture its main features of the process. Even if the microscopic dynamics
can be resolved using Newton’s equations of motion, it quickly becomes a computation-
ally very expensive calculation to make. It is however much more convenient to come up
with a self-consistent equation of motion for the ’global’ observable of interest itself in
order to reduce the complexity of the problem. The development of the Mori-Zwanzig
formalism in the 1960’s allowed to systematically derive such equations for arbitrary
observables in stationary processes. This framework, derived from first principles by
means of projection operator techniques, proves the structure of what is now known as
the Generalized Langevin Equation, i.e. a stochastic equation of motion which a priori
exhibits memory effects in the form on non-localities in time.
We propose to extend the formalism and its corollaries to a broad class of out-of-
equilibrium processes. We show that the structure of the Generalized Langevin Equa-
tion is overall robust but must be adapted to account for the non-stationary dynamics
[1,2]. The function that controls memory effects the stochastic term are related through
a relation that can be associated to fluctuation-dissipation theorems. This formalism is
very convenient to study two-time auto-correlation functions for which we can write a
self-consistent differential equation as well. We finally show a new method to evaluate
the memory function from numerical or experimental data [3].
Fonds National de la Recherche - FnR

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