Reference : Clarifying the Role of Negative Emotions in the Origin and Control of Impulsive Actions.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Clarifying the Role of Negative Emotions in the Origin and Control of Impulsive Actions.
Eben, Charlotte [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Verbruggen, Frederick [> >]
Psychologica Belgica
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] action control ; emotion ; impulsive action ; impulsivity
[en] This critical review elaborates on the origin of impulsive actions and how these can be controlled. We focus in particular on the role of negative events. First, we outline how impulsive actions often originate from negative events that are (emotionally) appraised. A discrepancy between this current state and a desired goal state leads to action tendencies. The urgency of the resulting action depends on the importance of the goal and the size of the discrepancy. Second, we discuss how such impulsive actions can be regulated or controlled e.g. by biasing competition between different options, or by completely suppressing all motor output. Importantly, such control mechanisms might also depend on emotional factors. To reconcile these findings, we present a coherent theoretical framework, taking into account various cognitive, affective, and motivational mechanisms as well as contextual factors that play a crucial role in the origin and control of impulsive actions.
Copyright: (c) 2020 The Author(s).

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