Reference : Psychometric properties of the transaddiction craving triggers questionnaire in alcoh...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Psychometric properties of the transaddiction craving triggers questionnaire in alcohol use disorder.
von Hammerstein, Cora [> >]
Cornil, Aurelien [> >]
Rothen, Stephane [> >]
Romo, Lucia [> >]
Khazaal, Yasser [> >]
Benyamina, Amine [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Luquiens, Amandine [> >]
International journal of methods in psychiatric research
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] alcohol use disorder ; craving ; psychometrics ; triggers ; validation
[en] OBJECTIVES: We aimed to develop the transaddiction craving triggers questionnaire (TCTQ), which assesses the propensity of specific situations and contexts to trigger craving and to test its psychometric properties in alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: This study included a sample of 111 AUD outpatients. We performed exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and calculated item-dimension correlations. Internal consistency was measured with Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed through Spearman correlations with craving, emotional symptoms, impulsivity, mindfulness, and drinking characteristics. RESULTS: The EFA suggested a 3-factor solution: unpleasant affect, pleasant affect, and cues and related thoughts. Cronbach's coefficient alpha ranged from .80 to .95 for the three factors and the total score. Weak positive correlations were identified between the TCTQ and drinking outcomes, and moderate correlation were found between the TCTQ and craving strength, impulsivity, anxiety, depression, and impact of alcohol on quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: The 3-factor structure is congruent with the well-established propensity of emotions and cues to trigger craving. Construct validity is supported by close relations between the TCTQ and psychological well-being rather than between the TCTQ and drinking behaviors. Longitudinal validation is warranted to assess sensitivity to change of the TCTQ and to explore its psychometric properties in other addictive disorders.
(c) 2019 The Authors. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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