Reference : First-Principles High-Throughput Study of Linear and Nonlinear Optical Materials
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
Physics and Materials Science
First-Principles High-Throughput Study of Linear and Nonlinear Optical Materials
Naccarato, Francesco mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Physics and Materials Science Research Unit]
University of Luxembourg, ​Luxembourg, ​​Luxembourg
Université Ctholique de Louvain, ​Louvain-la-Neuve, ​​Belgium
Docteur De l'Université du Luxembourg en Physique
Wirtz, Ludger mailto
Rignanese, Gian-Marco mailto
Tkatchenko, Alexandre mailto
Gonze, Xavier mailto
Botti, Silvana mailto
Venkatraman, Gopalan mailto
[en] Nonlinear Optics ; First-Principles ; High-Throughput
[en] Nonlinear optical (NLO) processes, such as second harmonic generation (SHG), play an important role in modern optics, especially in laser-related science and technology. They are at the core of a wide variety of applications ranging from optoelectronics to medicine. Among the various NLO materials, insulators are particularly important for second-order NLO properties. In particular, only crystals which are non-centrosymmetric can display a non-zero second-order NLO susceptibility. However, given the large number of requirements that a material needs to meet in order to be a good nonlinear optical material, the choice of compounds is drastically limited. Indeed, despite recent progress, a systematic approach to design NLO materials is still lacking. In this work, we conduct a first-principles high-throughput study on a large set of semiconductors for which we computed the linear and nonlinear susceptibility using Density Functional Perturbation Theory. For the linear optical properties, our calculations confirm the general trend that the refractive index is roughly inversely proportional to the band gap. In order to explain the large spread in the data distribution, we have found that two descriptors successfully describe materials with relatively high refraction index: (i) a narrow distribution in energy of the optical transitions which brings the average optical gap close to the direct band gap (ii) a large number of transitions around the band edge and/or high dipole matrix elements. For non-centrosymmetric crystals, we perform the calculation of the efficiency of SHG. We observe some materials with particularly high SHG, much stronger than the general relation with the linear refraction index through Miller’s rule predicts. We relate the value of Miller’s coefficient to geometric factors, i.e., how strongly the crystal deviates from a centrosymmetric one. We also identified interesting materials that show high optical responses for which it would be worth performing further analysis.
EJD-FunMat European Joint Doctorate in Functional Materials Research
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public
H2020 ; 641640 - EJD-FunMat - European Joint Doctorate in Functional Materials Research

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