Reference : Walking, trip purpose, and exposure to multiple environments: A case study of older a...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Human geography & demography
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40392
Walking, trip purpose, and exposure to multiple environments: A case study of older adults in Luxembourg
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Perchoux, C. [Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg]
Brondeel, R. [Centre de Recherche de l'université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Université de MontréalQC, Canada]
Wasfi, R. [Centre de Recherche de l'université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Université de MontréalQC, Canada]
Klein, O. [Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg]
Caruso, Geoffrey mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces (IPSE)]
Vallée, J. [UMR Géographie-cités (CNRS, Université Paris 1, Université Paris 7), Paris, France]
Klein, S. [Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg]
Thierry, B. [Centre de Recherche de l'université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Université de MontréalQC, Canada]
Dijst, M. [Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg]
Chaix, B. [INSERM, Sorbonne Université, Institut Pierre Louis d’épidémiologie et de Santé Publique, IPLESP UMR-S1136, Paris, F75012, France]
Kestens, Y. [Centre de Recherche de l'université de Montréal (CRCHUM), Université de MontréalQC, Canada]
Gerber, P. [Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Esch/Alzette, Luxembourg]
2019
Journal of Transport and Health
Elsevier Ltd
13
170-184
Yes
International
22141405
[en] Distance traveled ; Multi-place exposure ; Older adults ; Trip purpose ; Utilitarian walking
[en] Purpose: Understanding the geographical and environmental triggers for active transport among older adults is crucial to promote healthy and independent lifestyles. While transportation research has long considered trip purpose as a major determinant of transport mode choices, “place and health” research has paid little attention to it, and even less in connection with environmental determinants. To avoid an oversimplification of how neighborhood built environments influence utilitarian walking, it is critical to account simultaneously for trip purposes, the locations of visited places, and the related exposure to surrounding environments. Methods: Based on a cohort of 471 older adults in Luxembourg, this study examines the influence of trip purposes on utilitarian walking, and the potential interaction effects with characteristics of multiple geographic environments and distance to the place of residence. Information related to demographics, health status, and regularly visited destinations was collected in 2015 and 2016. Associations between trip purpose, environment, distance, and walking were analyzed using multilevel logistic regressions, accounting for demographics, neighborhood self-selection, and health status. Results: After accounting for environmental attributes, distance, and confounding factors, trip purpose remained a strong correlate of walking among older adults. Associations between distance and walking strongly differed by trip purpose (Wald Chi 2 test p < 0.001). Access to amenities, public transport stops, and street connectivity were associated with walking, although no interaction with trip purpose was observed. Conclusion: Trip purposes based on free-time activities–including visits to family and friends, and restaurants and cafés–seem to be less influenced by the barrier effect of distance on walking. While place and health studies increasingly address both the “where” and “when” of travel behaviors, the current study additionally stresses the importance of the trip purpose to emphasize “why” and “for what” people walk. © 2019
Fonds National de la Recherche Luxembourg: INTER/JCRA/12/6542889Fonds de Recherche du Québec - Santé: 28837Institut de Recherche Robert-Sauvé en Santé et en Sécurité du Travail: TEA-124969
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/40392
10.1016/j.jth.2019.04.002

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