Reference : Present-Day Land and Sea Level Changes around South Georgia Island: Results from Prec...
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Sustainable Development
Present-Day Land and Sea Level Changes around South Georgia Island: Results from Precise Levelling, GNSS, Tide Gauge and Satellite Altimetry Measurements
Teferle, Felix Norman mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Dalziel, I W D [University of Texas at Austin > Jackson School of Geosciences]
Hunegnaw, Addisu mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Hibbert, Angela [National Oceanography Centre]
Williams, Simon D. P. [National Oceanography Centre]
Woodworth, Philip L. [National Oceanography Centre]
Smalley, Robert Jr. [The University of Memphis > Centre for Earthquake Research and Information]
Lawver []
13th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Science (ISAES)
22-07-2019 to 26-07-2019
Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research
Republic of Korea
[en] Global Navigation Satellite System ; Vertical Land Movements ; Tide Gauge ; Sea Level Rise ; Geodesy
[en] South Georgia Island, the main land outcrop on the South Georgia microcontinent (SGM), is located approximately 1,400 km east of the Falkland Islands and approximately 1,400 km northeast of the northernmost tip of the Antarctic peninsular. The SGM is believed to lie south of the North Scotia Ridge (NSR), which forms the boundary to the South America Plate, while to the south it is bordered by the Scotia Plate (SP). In its sub-Antarctic location, the island is largely covered by mountain glaciers which have been reported to be retreating due to climatic change. Furthermore, during past glaciation periods the island and its shelf area, stretching much of the SGM, have been ice covered as was revealed by scarring of the sub-oceanic topography. Together with ongoing tectonics along the NSR and recent seismicity at the SP boundary, these processes have the ability to produce significant uplift on local to regional scales.
With its mid-ocean location in the Southern Atlantic Ocean South Georgia Island is in a key position for the oceanic and geodetic global monitoring networks. As these net-works suffer from a Hemisphere imbalance with the number of stations in the Northern Hemisphere outnumbering those in the Southern Hemisphere, operating these stations to the highest standards is of key scientific value. It is of particular interest to monitor the tide gauge (GLOSS ID 187) at King Edward Point (KEP) for vertical land movements to establish a continuous record of its datum within the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL), which in turn makes it useful for long-term sea level studies and satellite altimetry calibrations.
With the establishment of five GNSS stations on the islands by teams from Luxembourg, the UK and the USA during 2013 to 2015, and the scientific analysis of these data within a global network of stations, it has now become possible to study present-day vertical land movements and their impacts. Furthermore, together with four precise levelling campaigns of the KEP benchmark network in 2013, 2014 and two in 2017, it has also been possible to investigate the very local character of the vertical motions near KEP, i.e. the stability of the jetty upon which the tide gauge is mounted.
In this study, we will present the still preliminary results from the GNSS and levelling measurements and will discuss their impact on the sea level record from the KEP tide gauge. Our measurements show that while South Georgia Island and the area around KEP are rising, the jetty and tide gauge are subsiding, leading to a lower magnitude of the observed sea level change than expected from satellite altimetry. In order to improve the agreement between these measurements both local and regional vertical land movements need to be monitored.
New Geodetic Infrastructure and Reprocessed GPS Solutions for Sea Level, Climate Change and Geodynamics (GSCG)
Researchers ; Professionals ; General public

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Open access
Teferleetal_ISAES2019.pdfPresentation as deliveredPublisher postprint39.09 MBView/Open

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.