Reference : The Phenomenon of Online Live-Streaming of Child Sexual Abuse: Challenges and Legal R...
Dissertations and theses : Doctoral thesis
Law, criminology & political science : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Law / European Law
The Phenomenon of Online Live-Streaming of Child Sexual Abuse: Challenges and Legal Responses
Dushi, Desara mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) > Law Research Unit >]
University of Luxembourg, ​​Luxembourg
Docteur en Droit
Cole, Mark mailto
Palmirani, Monica mailto
[en] live-streaming of child sexual abuse ; child sexual abuse ; child exploitation ; child ; cybercrime ; sexual abuse ; Italy ; United Kingdom ; online child sexual abuse ; sexual exploitation ; live-distant child abuse
[en] In the recent years, the importance of Internet in the education of children all over the world has grown enormously. But as every other phenomenon, the easy access to the Internet creates a great number of concerns that should not be neglected. Over the past two decades, the internet has become a new medium through which child exploitation and sexual abuse happens. Technology is being used not only as a means of committing old forms of sexual abuse and exploitation of children, but also for creating new ones. This variety of crime types ranges from child pornography, sexting and sextortion to online grooming, and live- streaming of child abuse. This dissertation focuses on a very current, fast developing, and not very explored topic, the phenomenon of live-streaming of child abuse. The research includes a perspective of (public) international law, the situation in Europe due to the activities of the Council of Europe and the EU and also a “reality” test with two legal system approaches, Italy and England & Wales, on how to handle online child sexual abuse material and more specifically live-streaming of such abuses. On the basis of this observation, the main objective is to critically analyze the status quo of existing framework in the area of online child sexual abuse and exploitation in order to find out how flexible it is to be applied to this specific crime, if it can be applied, and how can it be improved in order to better respond to this new global reality. Based on all of this I draw conclusions over the insufficiency of existing framework to cover the crime of live-streaming of child abuse and plead for filling the legal lacunae by extending specific criminal provisions -ideally harmonized on an international level- specially made to tackle this crime.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students ; General public ; Others
This dissertation was completed as part of the Erasmus + Joint Doctorate in Law, Science and Technology (LAST-JD), a three year, interdisciplinary integrated doctorate designed to address new challenges in legal, socio-ethical and technical domains arising from the information society and newly emerging technologies. The area of this dissertation is ICT law and cybercrime.

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