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Overestimation of physical activity among young people: Does age and gender play a role?
Eckelt, Melanie; Hutmacher, Djenna; Steffgen, Georges et al.
2019AIESEP 2019 International Conference
 

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Abstract :
[en] Background and purpose: Due to the continuous decrease of physical activity (PA) of people in industrialized countries (Kohl et al., 2012), PA behavior and its psychological foundations has become a key issue in health-related research. Studies show that most people tend to overesti-mate their habitual PA (Skender et al., 2016), however, there is very little research on the role of demographic variables in this respect. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine whether age and/or gender affect the (over)estimation of PA among children and adolescents. Methods: Data of 75 students (38 girls and 37 boys, 10 to 18 years) of various primary and sec-ondary schools were randomly included in the study. Habitual PA was assessed through an online self-report questionnaire (Schmidt et al., 2017) as well as by wearing an accelerometer (Acti-Graph GT3X-BT) over seven consecutive days. A multiple regression analysis was used to ana-lyze the impact of age and gender on the accuracy of PA estimation. Results: The students reported being active for at least 60 minutes on average on 4,0 ± 2,1 days per week, whereas the accelerometer data verify only 1,8 ± 1,6 days per week. Thus, a majority of 76% of the children and adolescents overestimated and 9% underestimated their PA. Almost 15% were correct in their PA estimation. However, results of the regression analysis indicate neither an effect of age ( = .003, p > .1) nor of gender ( = -.070, p > .1). Conclusions: Overestimation of PA is common not only among adults but also among children and adolescents. However, this misperception appears to be independent of age and gender, at least in the age group considered here. Future studies should examine further demographic and psychological variables in order to explain why most of the people significantly overestimate their habitual PA.
Research center :
Education, Culture, Cognition & Society (ECCS) > Institute for Applied Educational Sciences (AES)
- Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) > Institute for Health and Behaviour
Disciplines :
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
Eckelt, Melanie ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)
Hutmacher, Djenna ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Steffgen, Georges ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Bund, Andreas ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS)
External co-authors :
no
Language :
English
Title :
Overestimation of physical activity among young people: Does age and gender play a role?
Publication date :
22 June 2019
Event name :
AIESEP 2019 International Conference
Event organizer :
Adelphi University, International Association for Physical Education in Higher Education
Event place :
Garden City, New York, United States
Event date :
from 19-06-2019 to 22-06-2019
Audience :
International
References of the abstract :
Kohl, H. W., Craig, C. L., Lambert, E. V., Inoue, S., Alkandari, J. R., Leetongin, G., Kahlmeier, S. & Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: global ac-tion for public health. The lancet, 380(9838), 294-305. Schmidt, S.C., Henn, A., Albrecht, C., & Woll, A. (2017). Physical activity of german children and ado-lescents 2003-2012: The MoMo-study.International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(11), doi: 10.3390/ijerph14111375. Skender, S., Ose, J., Chang-Claude, J., Paskow, M., Brühmann, B., Siegel, E. M., Steindorf, K. & Ul-rich, C. M. (2016). Accelerometry and physical activity questionnaires-a systematic review. BMC public health, 16(1), p. 515.
Focus Area :
Educational Sciences
Name of the research project :
PALUX
Available on ORBilu :
since 02 July 2019

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