Reference : Behavioral and cerebral impairments associated with binge drinking in youth: A critic...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Behavioral and cerebral impairments associated with binge drinking in youth: A critical review
Lannoy, Séverine []
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Dormal, Valerie []
Maurage, Pierre []
Psychologica Belgica
Société Blege de Psychologie
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Binge Drinking ; Youth ; Neuropsychology ; Alcohol Use Disorder
[en] Binge drinking is a widespread alcohol consumption pattern in youth that is linked to important behavioral and cerebral impairments, in both the short and the long term. From a critical review of the current literature on this topic, we conclude that binge drinkers display executive impairments, cerebral modifications, and problems with emotion-related processes. Five key empirical and theoretical topics are discussed to pave the way for future research in the field: (1) the specificity of the brain modifications observed in binge drinkers that may index a compensatory mechanism or result from multiple withdrawals; (2) the nature of the relationship between binge drinking and impairments, suggesting reciprocal influences between excessive alcohol consumption and executive deficits; (3) the possible recovery of brain and cognitive functioning after the cessation of binge drinking; (4) the validity of the continuum hypothesis, suggesting links between binge drinking and severe alcohol use disorders; and (5) the existing strategies to reduce binge drinking habits or rehabilitate the associated cognitive deficits. Future perspectives are described in relation to the questions raised to identify the crucial variables to be addressed in research and clinical practice.

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