Reference : Climatic factors as Determinants of Migration: Redux
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : International economics
Climatic factors as Determinants of Migration: Redux
Beine, Michel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) > Center for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA) >]
Parsons, Christopher [University of Western Australia > Economics]
CESifo Economic Studies
Oxford University Press
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United Kingdom
[en] International Migration ; Environmental change ; Natural disasters
[en] In this paper, we revisit the issue of environmental change as a potential determinant of international migration, thereby providing an extension of our earlier paper. In contrast to Beine and Parsons (2015) and in light of recent empirical contributions, we adopt an alternative identification strategy in which we only include fixed effects together with our measures of climatic change in order to quantify the net partial effect of climatic change on bilateral migration. Again drawing on panel data from 1960-2000, we further exploit the dyadic dimension of our data to highlight the importance of neighbouring countries and former colonial powers in determining the direction of climate-induced emigration. Our baseline results suggest that climatic shocks affect individuals’ financial constraints more than their desire to move. Our key findings are that natural disasters tend to deter emigration but importantly spur emigration to neighbouring countries. For middle income origins, natural disasters, while deterring migration, foster emigration to former colonial powers.

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