Reference : Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context o...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Does attention bias modification training impact on task performance in the context of pain: An experimental study in healthy participants
Van Ryckeghem, Dimitri mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Van Damme, Stefaan mailto [> >]
Vervoort, Tine mailto [> >]
Public Library of Science
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
San Franscisco
[en] Attention ; Pain interference ; attention bias modulation
[en] Attention has been theorized to play a key role in the experience of pain and associated task interference. Training attention away from pain via attention bias modification (ABM) training techniques has been proposed to improve pain-related outcomes, but evidence is inconsistent. In an experimental study, we investigated the impact of a single session ABM training -using a visual probe paradigm with idiosyncratic pain words- on cold pressor test (CPT) pain experience and task interference by pain. Fifty-eight healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to an ABM training group (N = 28; attending away from pain) and a sham training group (N = 30; no training direction). At pre-training, participants performed a baseline Random-Interval-Repetition (RIR) task and the CPT. Participants reported on sensations they experienced during the baseline CPT. Relevant descriptors were integrated in the visual probe paradigm during the training phase. At post-training, participants completed the RIR task again while experiencing CPT pain. Participants also reported on the extent they attended to the pain and the intensity/unpleasantness of the pain. Results indicated that, in contrast with our hypotheses, ABM training did also not reduce task interference due to CPT pain. Furthermore, ABM training did not change self-reported attending to CPT pain. Finally, ABM training did not reduce CPT pain intensity or pain unpleasantness. Overall, the current study provides no support for the effectiveness of a single session ABM training in improving pain-related outcomes. Future research addressing the conditions under which ABM training improves or fails to improve pain-related outcomes is warranted.
The Special Research Fund of Ghent University under Grant BOF11/STA/004, ; Research Foundation Flanders (FWO) under Grant 3G005611.
Researchers ; Professionals
H2020 ; 633491 - DOLORisk - DOLORisk: Understanding risk factors and determinants for neuropathic pain

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