Reference : Belgian Judicial Actors and the Establishment of the Punishment of Collaboration with...
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Belgian Judicial Actors and the Establishment of the Punishment of Collaboration with the Enemy in the East Cantons.
Brüll, Christoph mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Center for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > >]
Van Haecke, Lawrence [> >]
Doing Justice in Wartime. Multiple Interplays between Justice and Population during the two World Wars
Bost, Mélanie
Vrints, Antoon
Springer Nature
Studies in the History of Law and Justice, 19
[en] Postwar Purges in Belgium ; Postwar Purges in the Belgian East Cantons ; History of Judicial Actors ; German-Speaking Community in Belgium
[en] Belgian historical research concerning the repression of collaboration after the Second World War, has mostly overlooked the East Cantons. This mostly German-speaking region only became a part of Belgium in 1920, as a consequence of the treaty of Versailles. The integration of these populations turned out to be a very complicated process. In 1940, Nazi-Germany did not only occupy the East Cantons like the rest of Belgium, but annexed them back into the Third Reich. One of the main conclusions of the regional historiography is to view the repression of the collaboration as another step in the general misunderstanding between the local inhabitants and Belgian State authorities. This is evidenced by the high conviction rate (2.41% of the local population) and by assimilationist discourses which accompanied the workings of the Belgian military courts. In this contribution, we study the role of judicial actors in the actual establishment of the repression of collaboration and the civic purge in a top-down and a bottom-up approach. We analyse the special prosecution policy developed by the military prosecution office during the post-war period for with the enemy. We also show how political and administrative actors reinforced the living sentiments of injustice among the local population.
Luxembourg Centre for Contemporary and Digital History (C2DH) > Contemporary History of Luxembourg (LHI)
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