Reference : Independence and Interdependence Values in Changing Societies: A Three-Generation Com...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Multilingualism and Intercultural Studies
Independence and Interdependence Values in Changing Societies: A Three-Generation Comparative Study in Estonia, Germany, and Russia
Tõugu, Pirko [University of Tartu > Institute of Psychology]
Tulviste, Tiia [University of Tartu > Institute of Psychology]
Kasearu, Kairi [University of Tartu > Institute of Social Studies]
Talves, Kairi [University of Tartu > Sociology]
Albert, Isabelle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Studies of Transition States and Societies
[en] independence ; interdependence ; self-construal ; intergenerational value similarity ; cross-cultural comparison
[en] Independent and interdependent self-construal values of three generations and the intergenerational similarity of self-construal was compared in three countries. The participants were 837 adolescents, their mothers (227 from Russia, 311 from Germany, and 299 from Estonia) and 293 maternal grandmothers. In Germany, all three generations displayed higher scores on independence than participants from other countries. Russian participants had higher scores on interdependence compared to participants from other countries. Adolescents scored significantly higher on the interdependent self-construal than the two older generations, and higher than the mothers’ generation on the independent self-construal. Grandmothers’ self-construal was related to mothers’ in all three countries. In Germany and Estonia, mothers’ interdependent self-construal was related to adolescents’ interdependent self-construal. Grandmothers’ (but not mothers’) independent self-construal predicted adolescents’ independent self-construal. The results are discussed in light of the Family Change Theory and the different roles the participants have.

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