Reference : Fractionalization of charge and energy after electron injection in 1D helical systems
Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings : Unpublished conference
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Physics
Physics and Materials Science
Fractionalization of charge and energy after electron injection in 1D helical systems
Calzona, Alessio mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Physics and Materials Science Research Unit > ; University of Genova > > > ; CNR-SPIN Genova]
Acciai, Matteo [University of Genova > > > ; SPIN-CNR Genova]
Carrega, Matteo [NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa]
Cavaliere, Fabio [University of Genova > > > ; SPIN-CNR Genova]
Sassetti, Maura [University of Genova > > > ; SPIN-CNR Genova]
DPG Meeting
from 19-03-2017 to 24-03-2017
[en] Luttinger liquid ; Fractionalization ; Single electron injection ; Electron quantum optics ; Quantum Hall Effect ; Quantum spin hall effect
[en] The possibility to inject a single electron into ballistic 1D conductors is at the basis of the new and fast developing field of electron quantum optics. In this respect, helical edge states of topological insulators can be used as electronic waveguides and would be an ideal playground [1,2].
Here we thus study and characterize the tunneling of a single electron from a mesoscopic capacitor into a couple of interacting helical edge channels [3]. The injection process leads to the creation of a pair of fractional excitations travelling in opposite directions. Their charge and energy profiles are analyzed. We also show that the energy partitioning between the two fractional excitations depends both on the interaction strength and on the injection parameters. Interestingly, this allows for a situation in which energy and charge mainly flow in opposite directions. In addition, such peculiar behavior of energy partitioning suggests that it can be also used as a tool to probe features of out-of-equilibrium systems [4].

[1] G. Fève et al., Science 316, 1169 (2007)
[2] D. Ferraro et al., PRB 89, 075407 (2014)
[3] A. Calzona et al., PRB 94, 035404 (2016)
[4] A. Calzona et al., arXiv:1610.04492

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