[en] Linear functional equations ; Spectral analysis ; Spectral synthesis

[en] As a continuation of our previous work [2] the aim of the recent paper is to investigate the solutions of special inhomogeneous linear functional equations by using spectral synthesis in translation invariant closed linear subspaces of additive/multiadditive functions containing the restrictions of the solutions to finitely generated fields. The idea is based on the fundamental work of [5]. Using spectral analysis in some related varieties we can prove the existence of special solutions (automorphisms) of the functional equation but spectral synthesis allows us to describe the entire space of solutions on a large class of finitely generated fields. It is spanned by the so-called exponential monomials which can be given in terms of automorphisms of CC and differential operators. We apply the general theory to some inhomogeneous problems motivated by quadrature rules of approximate integration [8], see also [7, 9].