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The relationship between adolescents' pain catastrophizing and attention bias to pain faces is moderated by attention control.
Heathcote, Lauren C.; Vervoort, Tine; Eccleston, Christopher et al.
2015In Pain, 156 (7), p. 1334-41
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Keywords :
Adolescent; Adolescent Behavior/psychology; Attention/physiology; Catastrophization/diagnosis/psychology; Facial Expression; Female; Humans; Male; Pain Measurement/psychology; Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology; Photic Stimulation/methods
Abstract :
[en] This study considered the attentional functioning of adolescents with varying levels of pain catastrophizing. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and attention bias to pain facial expressions. Furthermore, drawing on dual process models in the context of pain, we investigated the moderating role of attention control on this relationship. Adolescents (N = 73; age, 16-18 years) performed a dot-probe task in which facial expressions of pain and neutral expressions were presented for 100 milliseconds and 1250 milliseconds. Participants also completed self-report pain catastrophizing and attention control measures. We found that although there was no main effect of pain catastrophizing on attention bias towards pain faces, attention control did significantly moderate this relationship. Further analysis revealed that lower levels of attention control were significantly associated with increasing attentional vigilance towards pain faces only within high catastrophizing adolescents. In addition, we found that poorer attention control was related to increased attention bias for pain faces (regardless of pain catastrophizing level) when these faces were presented for relatively longer durations (ie, 1250 milliseconds) but not for short durations (ie, 100 milliseconds). This study supports a dual process model of attentional processes in pain, thus replicating previous findings within the psychopathology literature but extending them to the study of pain. Theoretical and clinical implications of our findings are discussed.
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Heathcote, Lauren C.
Vervoort, Tine
Eccleston, Christopher
Fox, Elaine
Jacobs, Konrad
VAN RYCKEGHEM, Dimitri ;  Ghent University > Clinical-Experimental and Health Psychology
Lau, Jennifer Y. F.
External co-authors :
yes
Language :
English
Title :
The relationship between adolescents' pain catastrophizing and attention bias to pain faces is moderated by attention control.
Publication date :
2015
Journal title :
Pain
ISSN :
1872-6623
Publisher :
Elsevier, Netherlands
Volume :
156
Issue :
7
Pages :
1334-41
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Available on ORBilu :
since 11 April 2017

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