Reference : Prevalence and characteristics of addictive behaviors in a community sample: A latent...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29691
Prevalence and characteristics of addictive behaviors in a community sample: A latent class analysis
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Deleuze, J. [Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP), Psychological Science Research Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium]
Rochat, L. [Cognitive Psychopathology and Neuropsychology Unit, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland]
Romo, L. [Clinique Psychanalyse Développement (CLIPSYD), University Paris Ouest-Nanterre la Défense, Paris, France]
Van der Linden, M. [Cognitive Psychopathology and Neuropsychology Unit, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland]
Achab, S. [Addictology Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland]
Thorens, G. [Addictology Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland]
Khazaal, Y. [Addictology Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland]
Zullino, D. [Addictology Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland]
Maurage, P. [Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology (LEP), Psychological Science Research Institute, Université catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium]
Rothen, S. [Addictology Division, Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
2015
Addictive Behaviors Reports
Elsevier Ltd
1
49-56
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
International
23528532
[en] Addictive behavior ; Behavioral addiction ; Latent class analysis ; Prevalence ; Substance use ; Review
[en] While addictions to substances such as alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs have been extensively investigated, interest has been growing in potential non-substance-related addictive behaviors (e.g., excessive gambling, buying or playing video games). In the current study, we sought to determine the prevalence and characteristics of a wide range of addictive behaviors in a general population sample and to identify reliable subgroups of individuals displaying addictive behaviors.Seven hundred seventy participants completed an online survey. The survey screened for the presence and characteristics of the main recognized substance and behavioral addictions (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, other drugs, gambling, compulsive shopping, intensive exercise, Internet and mobile phone overuse, intensive work involvement, and overeating) in a three-month period. Key aspects of addiction were measured for each reported behavior, including negative outcomes, emotional triggers (positive and negative emotional contexts), search for stimulation or pleasure, loss of control, and cognitive salience.Latent class analysis allowed us to identify three theoretically and clinically relevant subgroups of individuals. The first class groups problematic users, i.e., addiction-prone individuals. The second class groups at-risk users who frequently engage in potentially addictive behaviors to regulate emotional states (especially overinvolvement in common behaviors such as eating, working, or buying). The third class groups individuals who are not prone to addictive behaviors.The existence of different groups in the population sheds new light on the distinction between problematic and non-problematic addiction-like behaviors. © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
http://hdl.handle.net/10993/29691
10.1016/j.abrep.2015.04.001

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