Reference : Impaired inhibition of proactive interference in abstinent individuals with alcoholism.
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Impaired inhibition of proactive interference in abstinent individuals with alcoholism.
Noel, Xavier [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Van der Linden, Martial [> >]
Dan, Bernard [> >]
Hanak, Catherine [> >]
de Bournonville, Stephanie [> >]
Baurain, Celine [> >]
Verbanck, Paul [> >]
Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Adult ; Alcoholism/psychology/rehabilitation ; Attention ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Memory Disorders/etiology ; Memory, Short-Term/physiology ; Middle Aged ; Neuropsychological Tests ; Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology ; Photic Stimulation/methods ; Proactive Inhibition ; Reaction Time ; Young Adult
[en] Cognitive impairment has been associated with higher risk of alcoholism and relapse. Recent theoretical refinements have separated inhibition of dominant response and inhibition of proactive interference. We assessed the latter using a directed-forgetting procedure in 38 recently detoxified individuals with alcoholism and in 26 controls. On this task, memory performance of letter trigrams was compared when presented alone, followed by a second trigram to be recalled, then a second trigram to be forgotten (directed-forgetting condition). Individuals with alcoholism recalled more letters to be forgotten and performed worse than controls in the directed-forgetting condition, which significantly correlated with the duration of alcoholism.

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