Reference : Difficulties in disengaging attentional resources from self-generated thoughts modera...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Difficulties in disengaging attentional resources from self-generated thoughts moderate the link between dysphoria and maladaptive self-referential thinking.
Rochat, Lucien [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Van der Linden, Martial [> >]
Cognition and Emotion
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Attention ; Cognition ; Depression/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Individuality ; Internal-External Control ; Male ; Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/statistics & numerical data ; Reaction Time ; Self Report ; Thinking
[en] Negative emotions increase self-focused attention, a core feature of depression and anxiety-related disorders. However, the cognitive mechanisms associated with the tendency to self-focus-and, conversely, with the ability to voluntarily disengage attentional resources from the self and direct them towards the external environment-remain poorly understood. Thus, this study aimed to examine whether a specific cognitive control mechanism that directs attention between self-generated thoughts and external information might moderate the relationship between dysphoria and maladaptive self-referential thinking. Results showed that dysphoria increases the frequency of rumination, self-blame, and catastrophising, especially for participants who have more difficulty in switching from self-generated thoughts to information provided by the environment. These results shed new light on the cognitive mechanisms underlying maladaptive self-referential thinking associated with dysphoria. More specifically, this specific cognitive mechanism might play a key role in the maintenance or amplification of a depressed mood.

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