Reference : A multidimensional approach of impulsivity in adult attention deficit hyperactivity d...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
A multidimensional approach of impulsivity in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Lopez, Regis [> >]
Dauvilliers, Yves [> >]
Jaussent, Isabelle [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Bayard, Sophie [> >]
Psychiatry research
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/diagnosis/epidemiology/psychology ; Female ; Humans ; Impulsive Behavior ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Substance-Related Disorders/diagnosis/epidemiology/psychology ; Surveys and Questionnaires/standards ; Young Adult ; Adult ; Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ; Impulsivity ; UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale
[en] We aimed to compare adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and matched controls on four dimensions of impulsivity (urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking) and to examine the association between impulsivity and ADHD symptoms. The study was conducted on 219 participants: 72 adult ADHD patients and 147 aged and gender matched controls. All participants completed questionnaires measuring the various facets of impulsivity (UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale), ADHD and depressive symptoms severity. Patients were also assessed for ADHD subtypes, mood disorders, and addictive behaviors. ADHD patients exhibited higher urgency, lower premeditation and lower perseverance in comparison to controls. Lack of perseverance showed the strongest association with ADHD (area under curve=0.95). Patients with combined inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive subtypes reported more frequently substance abuse problems and had higher scores on urgency and sensation seeking dimensions of impulsivity than those with predominantly inattentive subtype. We report for the first time a multidimensional evaluation of impulsivity in adult ADHD patients. The UPPS Impulsive Behavior Scale may constitute a useful screening tool for ADHD in adults and may help to further understanding the psychological mechanisms underlying the differences between the ADHD subgroups.
Copyright (c) 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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