Reference : The effects of a documentary film about schizophrenia on cognitive, affective and beh...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
The effects of a documentary film about schizophrenia on cognitive, affective and behavioural aspects of stigmatisation.
Thonon, Benedicte [> >]
Pletinx, Amandine [> >]
Grandjean, Allison [> >]
Billieux, Joël mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Laroi, Frank [> >]
Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Affect ; Cognition ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Motion Pictures as Topic ; Schizophrenia ; Social Distance ; Social Skills ; Stereotyping ; Young Adult ; Discrimination ; Intervention ; Prejudice ; Schizophrenia ; Stereotypes ; Stigmatisation
[en] BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Stereotypes about schizophrenia may lead to prejudicial attitudes and discrimination with debilitating effects on people diagnosed with schizophrenia. There is thus a need to develop interventions aiming to prevent, reduce or eliminate such stereotypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a documentary film on schizophrenia on cognitive, affective and behavioural aspects of stigmatisation. METHODS: Forty-nine participants were assessed on measures of stereotypes and social distance, and on the Model of Stereotype Content, which includes measures of stereotypes, emotional reactions and behavioural tendencies. Participants were randomly assigned into either a condition in which they viewed the documentary film (Film group), or into a control condition in which no intervention was conducted (Control group). RESULTS: Only participants in the Film group revealed a significant decrease of negative stereotypes (Dangerousness and Unpredictability) and desired Social distance, and a significant increase in the perception of sociability in persons with schizophrenia. LIMITATIONS: Small sample size and its reduced generalizability are the main limitations in this study. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a documentary film promoting indirect contact with people diagnosed with schizophrenia is a promising tool to prevent and reduce stigmatisation regarding schizophrenia..
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