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[en] This chapter contrasts two different views on ageing. An external “view from without” starts in a first step with the description of phenomena associated with human ageing including the notions of death and dying. This is followed by presenting an overview of central and mostly psychological models and theories about human ageing. Here, life span conceptions as well as theories on self-regulation of the ageing self are described and discussed. Furthermore, a specific focus is put on the differing qualifications that the term ageing has received in diverse theoretical models. The internal “view from within” finally starts with three case stories presenting excerpts of individual biographic narratives that highlight the importance of life events and adaptive processes within the family in the subjective construction of the self and the life course. The conclusion elaborates a person-centred approach in the study of human ageing taking into account that both family and culture interact in forming development in general as well as life in advancing age in particular.