[en] The past few decades have seen an explosion in studies exploring the effects of emotion on time judgments. The aim of this review is to describe the results of these studies and to look at how they try to explain the time distortions produced by emotion. We begin by examining the findings on time judgments in affective disorders, which allow us to make a clear distinction between the feelings of time distortion that originate from introspection onto subjective personal experience, and the effects of emotion on the basic mechanisms involved in time perception. We then report the results of behavioral studies that have tested the effects of emotions on time perceptions and the temporal processing of different emotional stimuli (e.g. facial expressions, affective pictures or sounds). Finally, we describe our own studies of the embodiment of timing.Overall, the different results on time and emotion suggest that temporal distortions are an indicator of how our brain and body adapt to the dynamic structure of our environment.
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Droit-Volet, Sylvie; Université ClermontAuvergne > UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales et Sciences de l'Education > Full Professor ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS > Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive LAPSCO UMR 6024
Fayolle, Sophie; Université Clermont Auvergne > UFR de Psychologie Sciences Sociales Sciences de l'Education > PhD Student ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS > Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale et Cognitive LAPSCO UMR 6024
Lamotte, Mathilde ; University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)
Gil, Sandrine; Université de Poitiers > Full Professor ; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - CNRS > Centre de Recherche sur la Cognition et l'Apprentissage CeRCA UMR 7295 > Capacités Langagières et Interactions Finalisées