Reference : Polymorphisms of genes related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis influence t...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Polymorphisms of genes related to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis influence the cortisol awakening response as well as self-perceived stress
Li-Tempel, T. []
Larra, M. F. []
Winnikes, U. []
Tempel, T. []
de Rijk, R. H. []
Schulz, André mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Schächinger, H. []
Meyer, J. []
Schote, A. B. []
Biological Psychology
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
The Netherlands
[en] The hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a crucial endocrine system for coping with stress. A reliable and stable marker for the basal state of that system is the cortisol awakening response (CAR). We examined the influence of variants of four relevant candidate genes; the mineralocorticoid receptor gene (MR), the glucocorticoid receptor gene (GR), the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTT) and the gene encoding the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on CAR and self-perceived stress in 217 healthy subjects. We found that polymorphisms of GR
influenced both, the basal state of the HPA axis as well as self-perceived stress. MR only associated with self-perceived stress and 5-HTT only with CAR. BDNF did not affected any of the investigated indices. In summary, we suggest that GR variants together with the CAR and
supplemented with self reports on perceived stress might be useful indicators for the basal HPA axis activity.

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