Reference : Associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and glycemic control in a...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Associations between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and glycemic control in a large cohort of adolescents with type 1 diabetes: The Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes
Åman, J. [Department of Paediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, S-701 85 Örebro, Sweden]
Skinner, T. C. [Department of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia]
De Beaufort, Carine mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) >]
Swift, P. G. F. [Children's Hospital, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, United Kingdom]
Aanstoot, H.-J. [Diabetes Center for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, Rotterdam, Netherlands]
Cameron, F. [Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, VIC, Australia]
Martul, P. [Endocrinology and Diabetes Research Group, Hospital de Cruces, Cruces, Spain]
Chiarelli, F. [Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy]
Daneman, D. [The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada]
Danne, T. [Kinderkrankenhaus auf der Bult, Hannover, Germany]
Dorchy, H. [Hôpital Universitaire des Enfants Reine Fabiola Diabetology Clinic, Brussels, Belgium]
Hoey, H. [Department of Paediatrics Trinity College, National Childrens Hospital, Dublin, Ireland]
Kaprio, E. A. [Department of Paediatrics, Peijas Hospital, Vantaa, Finland]
Kaufman, F. [Children's Hospital of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States]
Kocova, M. [Pediatric Clinic, Medical Faculty, Department of Endocrinology and Genetics, Skopie, Macedonia]
Mortensen, H. B. [Pediatrics Department, Glostrup University Hospital, Glostrup, Denmark]
Njølstad, P. R. [Department of Pediatrics, Haukeland Hospital, Bergen, Norway, Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway]
Phillip, M. [National Center of Childhood Diabetes, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tikva, Israel]
Robertson, K. J. [Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, United Kingdom]
Schoenle, E. J. [Department of Paediatrics, University Childrens Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland]
Urakami, T. [Department of Paediatrics, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan]
Vanelli, M. [Centro di Diabetologia, University of Parma, Parma, Italy]
Skovlund, S. [Novo Nordisk, Copenhagen, Denmark]
Ackerman, R. W. [Novo Nordisk, Copenhagen, Denmark]
Pediatric Diabetes
[en] Adolescents ; HbA1c ; Physical activity ; T1DM ; Adolescent ; Adolescent Behavior ; Blood Glucose ; Child ; Cohort Studies ; Computers ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated ; Humans ; Life Style ; Male ; Motor Activity ; Schools ; Television
[en] Background: The Hvidoere Study Group on Childhood Diabetes has demonstrated persistent differences in metabolic outcomes between pediatric diabetes centers. These differences cannot be accounted for by differences in demographic, medical, or treatment variables. Therefore, we sought to explore whether differences in physical activity or sedentary behavior could explain the variation in metabolic outcomes between centers. Methods: An observational cross-sectional international study in 21 centers, with demographic and clinical data obtained by questionnaire from participants. Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were assayed in one central laboratory. All individuals with diabetes aged 11-18 yr (49.4% female), with duration of diabetes of at least 1 yr, were invited to participate. Individuals completed a self-reported measure of quality of life (Diabetes Quality of Life - Short Form [DQOL-SF]), with well-being and leisure time activity assessed using measures developed by Health Behaviour in School Children WHO Project. Results: Older participants (p < 0.001) and females (p < 0.001) reported less physical activity. Physical activity was associated with positive health perception (p < 0.001) but not with glycemic control, body mass index, frequency of hypoglycemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis. The more time spent on the computer (r = 0.06; p < 0.05) and less time spent doing school homework (r = -0.09; p < 0.001) were associated with higher HbA1c. Between centers, there were significant differences in reported physical activity (p < 0.001) and sedentary behavior (p < 0.001), but these differences did not account for center differences in metabolic control. Conclusions: Physical activityis strongly associated with psychological well-being but has weak associations with metabolic control. Leisure time activity is associated with individual differences in HbA1c but not with intercenter differences. © 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

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