Reference : Reversing Early Retirement in Advanced Welfare Economies A Paradigm Shift to Overcome...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Social work & social policy
Reversing Early Retirement in Advanced Welfare Economies A Paradigm Shift to Overcome Push and Pull Factors
Ebbinghaus, Bernhard mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Hofäcker, Dirk [Universität Duisburg-Essen]
Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft
[en] Early retirement · Activation · Reforms · Labour market policy · Welfare state · Pension · Retirement · Social policy
[en] Recent reform efforts of advanced welfare states have attempted to reverse
trends in early retirement and increase the statutory retirement age. This
paradigm shift often occurred against the protest of unions, fi rms and their employees.
As a consequence of expanding welfare states and as response to economic
challenges since the 1970s early exit from work has become a widespread practice.
Early retirement has been part of Continental Europe’s welfare without work problem,
while the Scandinavian welfare states, the Anglophone liberal economies and
the Japanese welfare society were able to maintain higher levels of employment
for older workers. Since the 1990s, an international consensus to reverse early exit
from work emerged among international organisations and national policy experts.
Based on a comparative historical analysis of selected OECD countries, this study
analyses the cross-national variations in the institutionalisation of early exit regimes
and its recent reversal using macro-indictors on early exit trends and stylised information
on institutional arrangements. Comparing the interaction of social policy
and economic institutions, it reviews the cross-national differences in welfare state
“pull” and economic “push” factors that have contributed to early exit from work and
discusses the likely impact of welfare retrenchment and assesses the importance of
“retention” factors such as activation policies for decreasing early exit from work.

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