Reference : Regulatory crosstalk between type I and type II toxin-antitoxin systems in the human ...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Regulatory crosstalk between type I and type II toxin-antitoxin systems in the human pathogen Enterococcus faecalis.
Wessner, Francoise [> >]
Lacoux, Caroline [> >]
Goeders, Nathalie [> >]
Fouquier d'Hérouël, Aymeric mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) >]
Matos, Renata [> >]
Serror, Pascale [> >]
Van Melderen, Laurence [> >]
Repoila, Francis [> >]
RNA biology
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Enterococcus faecalis ; RNA stability ; Toxin-Antitoxin systems ; Transcription activation ; antisense RNAs
[en] We discovered a chromosomal locus containing two toxin-antitoxin modules (TAs) with an antisense transcriptional organization in the E. faecalis clinical isolate V583. These TAs are homologous to the type I txpA-ratA system and the type II mazEF, respectively. We have shown that the putative MazF is toxic for E. coli and triggers RNA degradation, and its cognate antitoxin MazE counteracts toxicity. The second module, adjacent to mazEF, expresses a toxin predicted to belong to the TxpA type I family found in Firmicutes, and the antisense RNA antidote, RatA. Genomic analysis indicates that the cis-association of mazEF and txpA-ratA modules has been favored during evolution, suggesting a selective advantage for this TA organization in the E. faecalis species. We showed regulatory interplays between the two modules, involving transcription control and RNA stability. Remarkably, our data reveal that MazE and MazEF have a dual transcriptional activity: they act as autorepressors and activate ratA transcription, most likely in a direct manner. RatA controls txpA RNA levels through stability. Our data suggest a pivotal role of MazEF in the coordinated expression of mazEF and txpA-ratA modules in V583. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing a crosstalk between type I and II TAs.

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