Reference : Reading direction shifts visuospatial attention: An Interactive Account of attentiona...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Neurosciences & behavior
Reading direction shifts visuospatial attention: An Interactive Account of attentional biases
Rinaldi, Luca mailto [University of Milano-Bicocca > Department of Psychology]
Di Luca, Samuel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Education, Culture, Cognition and Society (ECCS) >]
Henik, Avishai [Ben-Gurion University of the Negev > Department of Psychology and Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience]
Girelli, Luisa [University of Milano-Bicocca > Department of Psychology]
Acta Psychologica
Elsevier Science
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
The Netherlands
[en] Cancellation task ; Line bisection task ; Reading habits ; Hemispheric specialization ; Visuospatial attention
[en] A growing amount of evidence confirms the influence of reading and writing habits on visuospatial processing, although this phenomenon has been so far testified mainly as a lateralized shift of a single behavioral sign (e.g., line bisection), with lack of proof from pure right-to-left readers. The present study contributed to this issue by analyzing multiple attentional and motor indexes in monolingual Italian (i.e., reading from left-toright), and monolingual (i.e., reading from right-to-left) and bilingual Israeli (i.e., reading from right-to-left in Hebrew but also from left-to-right in English) participants' visuospatial performance. Subjects were administered a computerized standard star cancellation task and a modified version in which English letters and words were replaced by Hebrew ones. Tasks were presented on a graphics tablet, allowing recording of both chronometric and spatial parameters (i.e., measured in (x, y) vector coordinates). Results showed that reading direction modulated the on-line visuomotor performance (i.e., left-to-right vs. right-to-left shifts) from the beginning (i.e., first mark) to the end of the task (i.e., spatial distribution of omissions and subjective epicenter). Additionally, the spatial bias observed in a computerized line bisection task was also related to the participants' habitual reading direction. Overall, the results favor the proposal of an Interactive Account of visuospatial asymmetries, according towhich both cultural factors, such as the directional scanning associatedwith language processing, and biological factors, such as hemispheric specialization, modulate visuospatial processing. Results are discussed in light of recent behavioral and neuroanatomical findings.

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