Reference : Viewing Time Effects Revisited: Prolonged Response Latencies for Sexually Attractive ...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Sociology & social sciences
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Viewing Time Effects Revisited: Prolonged Response Latencies for Sexually Attractive Targets Under Restricted Task Conditions
Imhoff, Roland [Univ Bonn, D-53111 Bonn, Germany.]
Schmidt, Alexander F. mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE)]
Nordsiek, Uta [Univ Bonn, D-53111 Bonn, Germany.]
Luzar, Charlotte [Univ Bonn, D-53111 Bonn, Germany.]
Young, Andrew W. [Univ York, Dept Psychol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.]
Banse, Rainer [Univ Bonn, D-53111 Bonn, Germany.]
Springer/Plenum Publishers
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
New York
[en] Viewing time ; Sexual preference ; Sexual interest ; Visual reaction times ; Indirect measures
[en] Sexually attractive stimuli are watched longer than unattractive stimuli. The processes underlying this robust and reliable viewing time effect are presently not well understood. In the present research comprising four experiments (total N = 250), four classes of potential explanations are proposed and the derived implications were experimentally tested. Contrary to explanations based on either deliberate delay or attentional adhesion to sexually attractive stimuli, prolonged response latencies were also found under restricted task conditions. Sexually preferred targets elicited longer response latencies in a self-paced evaluation task when stimulus pictures were presented for 750 ms (Experiment 1) or for 500 ms and followed by a pattern mask (Experiment 2). Prolonged latencies for sexually preferred targets were also observed when sexual attractiveness was rated in a speeded binary decision task with a response window of 1000 ms (Experiment 3). Eventually, it was shown that the response latency effect in the speeded binary choice task was still preserved when only the heads of target individuals were presented instead of the bodies (Experiment 4). Mate identification and schematic processes are discussed as the remaining plausible mechanisms for prolonged response latencies for sexually attractive targets under restricted conditions.

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