Reference : Transcriptional and metabolic adaptation of human neurons to the mitochondrial toxica...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Transcriptional and metabolic adaptation of human neurons to the mitochondrial toxicant MPP(+).
Krug, AK. [> >]
Gutbier, S. [> >]
Zhao, L. [> >]
Kullmann, C. [> >]
Ivanova, V. [> >]
Förster, S. [> >]
Jagtap, S. [> >]
Meiser, Johannes mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Leparc, G. [> >]
Schildknecht, S. [> >]
Adam, M. [> >]
Hiller, Karsten mailto [University of Luxembourg > Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) > >]
Farhan, H. [> >]
Brunner, T. [> >]
Hartung, T. [> >]
Sachinidis, A [> >]
Leist, M. [> >]
Cell Death and Disease
Nature Publishing Group
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] ATF-4 ; reactive oxygen species ; respiratory chain ; metabolomics ; systems toxicology ; transcriptomics
[en] Assessment of the network of toxicity pathways by Omics technologies and bioinformatic data processing paves the road toward a new toxicology for the twenty-first century. Especially, the upstream network of responses, taking place in toxicanttreated cells before a point of no return is reached, is still little explored. We studied the effects of the model neurotoxicant 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPPþ) by a combined metabolomics (mass spectrometry) and transcriptomics (microarrays and deep sequencing) approach to provide unbiased data on earliest cellular adaptations to stress. Neural precursor cells (LUHMES) were differentiated to homogeneous cultures of fully postmitotic human dopaminergic neurons, and then exposed to the mitochondrial respiratory chain inhibitor MPPþ (5 lM). At 18–24 h after treatment, intracellular ATP and mitochondrial integrity were still close to control levels, but pronounced transcriptome and metabolome changes were seen. Data on altered glucose flux, depletion of phosphocreatine and oxidative stress (e.g., methionine sulfoxide formation) confirmed the validity of the approach. New findings were related to nuclear paraspeckle depletion, as well as an early activation of branches of the transsulfuration pathway to increase glutathione. Bioinformatic analysis of our data identified the transcription factor ATF-4 as an upstream regulator of early responses. Findings on this signaling pathway and on adaptive increases of glutathione production were confirmed biochemically. Metabolic and transcriptional profiling contributed complementary information on multiple primary and secondary changes that contribute to the cellular response to MPPþ. Thus, combined ‘Omics’ analysis is a new unbiased approach to unravel earliest metabolic changes, whose balance decides on the final cell fate.
Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB): Metabolomics (Hiller Group)

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