Reference : The use of GPS horizontals for loading studies, with applications to northern Califor...
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
The use of GPS horizontals for loading studies, with applications to northern California and southeast Greenland
Wahr, John [University of Colorado at Boulder - CU]
Khan, Shfaqat mailto []
van Dam, Tonie mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Science, Technology and Communication (FSTC) > Engineering Research Unit >]
Liu, Lin []
van Angelen, Jan mailto []
van den Broeke, Michiel mailto []
Meertens, Charles mailto []
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Greenland ; mass change ; GPS
[en] We describe how GPS measurements of horizontal crustal motion can be used to
augment vertical crustal motion measurements, to improve and extend GPS studies of surface
loading. We show that the ratio of the vertical displacement to the horizontal displacement,
combined with the direction of the horizontal motion, can help determine whether nearby
loading is concentrated in a small region (for example, in a single lake or glacier), and where
that region is. We illustrate this method by applying it to two specific cases: an analysis of
GPS data from northern California to monitor the level of Lake Shasta, and the analysis of
data from a single GPS site in southeast Greenland to determine mass variability of two large,
nearby outlet glaciers: Helheim Glacier and Midgaard Glacier. The California example serves
largely as a proof-of-concept, where the results can be assessed by comparing with
independent observations (Lake Shasta tide gauge data, in this case). Our Greenland results
show that both Helheim and Midgaard have experienced notable interannual variations in
mass loss rate over the last decade. Helheim’s mass loss accelerated rapidly in mid-2003,
decelerated in late 2005, and increased again in 2008–2009 before returning to about its
pre-2003 rate in late 2010. Midgaard’s mass loss accelerated in mid-2004, and remained
more-or-less constant before returning to its pre-2003 rate in late 2008.

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