Reference : Liprin-alpha2 promotes the presynaptic recruitment and turnover of RIM1/CASK to facil...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology
Liprin-alpha2 promotes the presynaptic recruitment and turnover of RIM1/CASK to facilitate synaptic transmission.
Spangler, Samantha A.* [> >]
Schmitz, Sabine* mailto [Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam - VU > Functional Genomics]
Kevenaar, Josta T.* [> >]
de Graaff, Esther [> >]
de Wit, Heidi [> >]
Demmers, Jeroen [> >]
Toonen, Ruud F. [> >]
Hoogenraad, Casper C. [> >]
* These authors have contributed equally to this work.
The Journal of cell biology
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United States
[en] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics/metabolism ; Animals ; Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials/physiology ; GTP-Binding Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Guanylate Kinase/genetics/metabolism ; Hippocampus/cytology ; Membrane Proteins/genetics/metabolism ; Microscopy, Electron ; Neuronal Plasticity/physiology ; Neurons/cytology/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Phenotype ; Presynaptic Terminals/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Primary Cell Culture ; Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex/metabolism ; Rats ; Synaptic Transmission/physiology ; Ubiquitin/metabolism
[en] The presynaptic active zone mediates synaptic vesicle exocytosis, and modulation of its molecular composition is important for many types of synaptic plasticity. Here, we identify synaptic scaffold protein liprin-alpha2 as a key organizer in this process. We show that liprin-alpha2 levels were regulated by synaptic activity and the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Furthermore, liprin-alpha2 organized presynaptic ultrastructure and controlled synaptic output by regulating synaptic vesicle pool size. The presence of liprin-alpha2 at presynaptic sites did not depend on other active zone scaffolding proteins but was critical for recruitment of several components of the release machinery, including RIM1 and CASK. Fluorescence recovery after photobleaching showed that depletion of liprin-alpha2 resulted in reduced turnover of RIM1 and CASK at presynaptic terminals, suggesting that liprin-alpha2 promotes dynamic scaffolding for molecular complexes that facilitate synaptic vesicle release. Therefore, liprin-alpha2 plays an important role in maintaining active zone dynamics to modulate synaptic efficacy in response to changes in network activity.

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