Reference : Adipositas im Kindes- und Jugendalter: Risikofaktoren, Prävention und Behandlung
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
Adipositas im Kindes- und Jugendalter: Risikofaktoren, Prävention und Behandlung
[en] Obesity in childhood and adolescence: risk factors, prevention and intervention
Platte, Petra [University of Würzburg > Psychology]
Vögele, Claus mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Integrative Research Unit: Social and Individual Development (INSIDE) >]
Meule, Adrian [University of Würzburg > Psychology]
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Obesity ; children ; adolescents ; overweight ; binge eating
[en] Longer lasting weight loss is only achieved in 10% of obese adults, who try to lose weight. Therefore, prevention programmes for children and adolescents should have highest priority. Proximal and distal risk factors for the development of obesity include high-energy intake, low physical activity, high
genetic load, low socioeconomic status and migration background. Prevention and intervention programmes need to take psychosocial factors into account and offer a personalized therapy
in the respective settings. Even though cognitive behaviour therapy is superior to lifestyle intervention alone, as weight loss during treatment is higher when cognitive behaviour therapy
is offered, its long-term success is uncertain. The need to include the family environment into treatment programmes is illustrated by studies showing that treating parents alone has
the same effect on children’s weight loss as treating both parents and their children. Fast food, sugar sweetened drinks, hours of watching television and computer use are often discussed in terms of their causative role for obesity. The role of government policies to regulate the availability of fast food or sugar sweetened drinks as a prevention strategy is disputed, with little current empirical evidence as to the efficacy or effectiveness of such an approach. Nevertheless, public health regulations are unlikely to achieve the desired results at a population level, if not supported by families, schools and communities as well as the industry, currently investing more in economic
success than responsibility for society.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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