Reference : A panel data analysis of the Brain drain
Scientific journals : Article
Business & economic sciences : International economics
A panel data analysis of the Brain drain
Beine, Michel mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Law, Economics and Finance (FDEF) > Center for Research in Economic Analysis (CREA) >]
Docquier, Frédéric []
Defoort, cécily []
World Development : The Multi-Disciplinary International Journal Devoted to the Study and Promotion of World Development
Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science
[en] Human capital ; convergence ; brain drain
[en] In this paper, we revisit the impact of skilled emigration on human capital accumulation using new panel data covering 147
12 countries during the period 1975–2000. We derive testable predictions from a stylized theoretical model and test them in dynamic regres-
13 sion models. Our empirical analysis predicts conditional convergence of human capital indicators. Our findings also reveal that skilled
14 migration prospects foster human capital accumulation in low-income countries. In these countries, a net brain gain can be obtained if
15 the skilled emigration rate is not too large (i.e., it does not exceed 20–30% depending on other country characteristics). In contrast, we
16 find no evidence of a significant incentive mechanism in middle-income, and not surprisingly, high-income countries.

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