No full text
Unpublished conference/Abstract (Scientific congresses, symposiums and conference proceedings)
Does the position of correct answers in multiple-choice items influence item difficulty?
SONNLEITNER, Philipp; Hohensinn, Christine; Kubinger, K.D. et al.
200911th European Congress of Psychology


Full Text
No document available.

Send to


Keywords :
multiple-choice; educational testing; answer position
Abstract :
[en] Due to economical reasons, the multiple-choice response format is often the preferred response format for test construction, especially in large-scale-assessments which claim for quick processing on the examinees side and automated scoring on test makers side. As a disadvantage, research on effects of answer-key balancing and various “response sets” indicates an unfavourable influence of the position of correct answers on item difficulty. To examine this effect, two different multiple-choice response formats (“1 out of 6” and “2 out of 5”) were administered in 3 versions each (correct answers at extreme position, middle position or random) in the course of a large-scale competence assessment in reading comprehension. Furthermore, to investigate age-dependent effects this design was applied to 4th and 8th grade students and finally analyzed using the LLTM (Fischer, 1973). Results give useful hints for further test developments, especially in the field of Large-Scale-Assessments.
Disciplines :
Education & instruction
Author, co-author :
SONNLEITNER, Philipp  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS)
Hohensinn, Christine
Kubinger, K.D.
Khorramdel, Lale
Schleicher, E.
Reif, Manuel
Language :
Title :
Does the position of correct answers in multiple-choice items influence item difficulty?
Publication date :
Event name :
11th European Congress of Psychology
Event place :
Oslo, Norway
Event date :
from 7-07-2009 to 10-07-2009
Audience :
Available on ORBilu :
since 17 December 2013


Number of views
125 (1 by Unilu)
Number of downloads
0 (0 by Unilu)


Similar publications

Contact ORBilu