Reference : Schematic representations in arithmetical problem solving: Analysis of their impact o...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
Schematic representations in arithmetical problem solving: Analysis of their impact on grade 4 students
Fagnant, Annick [> >]
Vlassis, Joëlle mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education (FLSHASE) > Educational Measurement and Applied Cognitive Science (EMACS) >]
Educational Studies in Mathematics
Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
[en] Arithmetical problem solving ; Schematic representations ; Diagrams ; Schematic drawings ; Non-routine problems
[en] While the value of ‘schematic representations’ in problem solving requires no further demonstration, the way in which students should be taught how to construct these representations invariably gives rise to various debates. This study, conducted on 146 grade 4 students in Luxembourg, analyzes the effect of two types of ‘schematic representation’ (diagrams vs. schematic drawings) on the solving of arithmetical problems. The results show that the presence of schematic representations has a clear positive effect on overall student performance and that a non negligible proportion of students manage to reuse the representations encountered in order to solve new problems. While showing an effect slightly in favor of diagrams as opposed to schematic drawings, our results do not really permit us to draw any conclusions about the form that these representations should take, in particular since a differential effect was observed depending on the type of problem.

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