Reference : Self-Reported Hearing and Awareness of Age-Related Change - A Domain-Specific Perspective
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Multidisciplinary, general & others
Self-Reported Hearing and Awareness of Age-Related Change - A Domain-Specific Perspective
Wettstein, Markus mailto []
Kornadt, Anna Elena mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Heyl, Vera mailto []
Wahl, Hans-Werner mailto []
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie: Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Dr. Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
[en] Background: Impaired hearing is associated with disadvantages in developmental outcomes, such as compromised everyday social communication or reduced well-being. Hearing impairment might also have an impact on how individuals evaluate their own aging, as deterioration in hearing can be interpreted as an age-related cue and as a phenomenon individuals attribute to getting older. Objectives: We investigated how self-reported hearing is related with awareness of age-related change (AARC). Materials and Methods: AARC is a multidimensional construct comprising perceived age-related gains and losses in general as well as across five functional domains (health and physical functioning, cognitive functioning, interpersonal relations, social-cognitive and social-emotional functioning, lifestyle and engagement). A sample of 423 individuals (age: 40-98 years; M = 62.9 years; SD = 11.8 years) was assessed up to 3 times over approximately 5 years. Results: Based on longitudinal multilevel regression models, controlling for age, gender, subjective health and education, we found that poorer self-reported hearing was associated with more perceived general AARC losses as well as with more AARC losses in health and physical functioning and in cognitive functioning at baseline. With an older age at baseline, poorer self-reported hearing was associated with steeper decline in AARC gains regarding interpersonal relations over time, whereas in those who were younger at baseline poorer hearing was related with fewer gains in social-cognitive and social-emotional functioning at baseline.
Discussion: Self-reported hearing reveals differential associations with AARC domains. However, changes in most AARC domains of gains and losses seem to be only weakly related with subjective hearing.

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