Reference : Kindergarten children’s attitudes towards homosexuality: The influence of puppet thea...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
Educational Sciences
Kindergarten children’s attitudes towards homosexuality: The influence of puppet theatre on the topic of diversity in a group of kindergarten children
Maus, Johanna mailto []
Aleksic, Gabrijela mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS) >]
Human Arenas
[en] puppet theatre ; homophobic stigma ; kindergarten
[en] Homophobic stigmas and the discrimination of homosexual people are still worrying in
today’s society. The current study seeks to investigate kindergarten children’s attitudes
towards homosexuality and how they are influenced by their peer-groups and authorities.
It does so by means of a puppet theatre presentation including ‘Kasperl’ and ‘Seppel’
puppets as the main protagonists in a German puppet theatre. The audience consisted of
six German kindergarten children aged 4–6 years, randomly selected by the kindergarten
director. A participant observation has been conducted with the first researcher as the presenter
of the puppet show. The results of the recorded puppet theatre showed that several
intragroup processes including the social identity theory with regard to group membership
could be observed within the puppet theatre. Groups have been formed and children of
the same ingroup showed equal attitudes towards homosexuality. However, the researcher’s
influence as an authority figure could have as well impacted their attitudes through positive
reinforcement. The present study contributed to the gap in research regarding kindergarten
children’s attitudes towards homosexuality. To have a better overview of the results, future
studies should include additional variables like kindergarten’s cultural and geographical
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students

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