Reference : The Failure of “Yugoslavia’s Last Chance”: Ante Marković and his Reformists in the 19...
Scientific journals : Article
Law, criminology & political science : Political science, public administration & international relations
The Failure of “Yugoslavia’s Last Chance”: Ante Marković and his Reformists in the 1990 Elections
Glaurdic, Josip mailto [University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Social Sciences (DSOC) >]
Filipovic, Vladimir mailto [Libertas International University, Croatia]
Lesschaeve, Christophe mailto [University of Luxembourg > > >]
Nationalities Papers
Carfax Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBilu)
United Kingdom
[en] Yugoslavia ; elections ; Ante Marković
[en] The last Prime Minister of Yugoslavia Ante Marković was considered by many within the country and in the international community to be Yugoslavia’s last chance for a peaceful transition toward democracy and capitalism. In spite of his popularity, the Reformist party he created failed decisively in the first democratic elections of 1990. We expose the reasons for this failure by analyzing electoral, economic, and sociodemographic data on the level of more than two hundred Yugoslav municipalities where the Reformists put forward their candidates. Our analysis shows that the party’s failure had little to do with the voters’ exposure to the effects of the free market reforms undertaken by Marković’s federal government during this period. Instead, the Reformists’ results were largely determined by the communities’ ethnic makeup and interethnic balance. The Reformists suffered at the hands of a strong negative campaign by the Serbian regime of Slobodan Milošević, and they were squeezed out by the ethnically based parties that benefited from voters behaving strategically in the electoral marketplace dominated by questions of nationalism. The analysis presented here offers important lessons for our understanding of Yugoslavia’s breakup, post-communist transitions in general, and electoral politics in societies on the verge of ethnic conflict.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
H2020 ; 714589 - ELWar - Electoral Legacies of War: Political Competition in Postwar Southeast Europe

File(s) associated to this reference

Fulltext file(s):

Limited access
srsj_NP_am.docxAuthor preprint589.65 kBRequest a copy

Bookmark and Share SFX Query

All documents in ORBilu are protected by a user license.