Article (Scientific journals)
Flexibility in Problem Solving: Analogical Transfer of Tool Use in Toddlers Is Immune to Delay
Bobrowicz, Katarzyna; Lindström, Felicia; Lindblom Lovén, Marcus et al.
2020In Frontiers in Psychology
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Keywords :
children; cognitive development; analogical transfer
Abstract :
[en] Solving problems that are perceptually dissimilar but require similar solutions is a key skill in everyday life. In adults, this ability, termed analogical transfer, draws on memories of relevant past experiences that partially overlap with the present task at hand. Thanks to this support from long-term memory, analogical transfer allows remarkable behavioral flexibility beyond immediate situations. However, little is known about the interaction between long-term memory and analogical transfer in development as, to date, they have been studied separately. Here, for the first time, effects of age and memory on analogical transfer were investigated in 2-to-4.5-olds in a simple tool-use setup. Children attempted to solve a puzzle box after training the correct solution on a different looking box, either right before the test or 24 hours earlier. We found that children (N = 105) could transfer the solution regardless of the delay and a perceptual conflict introduced in the tool set. For children who failed to transfer (N = 54) and repeated the test without a perceptual conflict, the odds of success did not improve. Our findings suggest that training promoted the detection of functional similarities between boxes and, thereby, flexible transfer both in the short and the long term.
Disciplines :
Theoretical & cognitive psychology
Author, co-author :
Bobrowicz, Katarzyna  ;  University of Luxembourg > Faculty of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences (FHSE) > Department of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences (DBCS)
Lindström, Felicia;  Lund University > Department of Psychology
Lindblom Lovén, Marcus;  Lund University > Department of Psychology
Psouni, Elia;  Lund University > Department of Psychology
External co-authors :
Language :
Title :
Flexibility in Problem Solving: Analogical Transfer of Tool Use in Toddlers Is Immune to Delay
Publication date :
October 2020
Journal title :
Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher :
Frontiers Media S.A., Pully, Switzerland
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Focus Area :
Educational Sciences
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